Tempu Nakamura (1876-1969) was born in Tokyo, Japan. His birth name was Saburo. He enrolled in the Shuyukan school where he became proficient in the English language and his family's style of judo.
He also trained in kenjutsu and iaijutsu.
During judo practice, he defeated an opponent from Kumamoto who tried to kill him in revenge. In the violent encounter, Nakamura stabbed and killed his assailant, which was ruled legitimate self-defence.
He left Japan in 1902, and wandered around Mongolia. He became a military investigator at the age of sixteen and joined the Imperial Japanese Army and served as a covert agent in Northern China.
He was one of only nine people out of 113 military affairs investigators to return to Japan alive.
After the Russo-Japanese War, Nakamura suffered from tuberculosis. Searching for a cure, he studied the autonomic nervous system at Columbia University, USA, and received a doctorate.
He also went to England, Germany, Belgium and France.
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In 1911, Nakamura, while on his way back to Japan, met a philosopher in Egypt called
Kaliapa, who took him to Kangchenjunga, the third-highest mountain in
the world, found between Nepal and India.
He stayed there studying and practising yoga for nearly 3 years, which cured his illness. He practised unique versions of Raja Yoga and Karma Yoga with Kaliapa.
Through meditation he attained spiritual enlightenment.
After finally returning to Japan, he served as president of the Tokyo Industrial Bank, among other business activities. He established his own medical and philosophical organization, and named it Tempukai in 1940. In Japan, he was a prolific writer on philosophy and entrepreneurship.
Tempu developed a self-improvement system called Shin Shin Toitsu Do based on elements of yoga, martial arts and other oriental disciplines.
Over 100,000 students from all walks of life, throughout Japan were directly taught by Nakamura Sensei. He remained active as the head of this organization until his death at age 92.
Nakamura was an acquaintance of Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido.
His importance, in aikido terms, lies in the fact that the
aikido of Koichi Tohei, Hiroshi Tada, Tadashi Abe, and others was
heavily influenced by Tempu Nakamura's concepts and exercises.
Aikido master Koichi Tohei, went on to found Shin shin toitsu Aikido based on his studies with Morihei Ueshiba and Tempu Nakamura.
Morihei Ueshiba developed the martial art of Aikido from his combat studies of Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu with Sokaku Takeda, and his spiritual studies with the Omoto Kyo and Onisaburi Deguchi. More Here