Takuma Hisa (1895–1980) was an early student in Daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu of both Master Sokaku Takeda and Aikido founder Morihei Ueshiba
He was born on the island of Shikoku, Japan. He was captain of the sumo club at Kobe University, and won the All-Kansai Sumo Championship. He later became the director of general affairs at the Asahi News in Osaka.
He was advised to learn Daito-ryu Aiki-jujutsu for self-defence and was introduced to Morihei Ueshiba, and was one of his early prewar students. In 1936 he studied directly under Sokaku Takeda and received the Kyoju Dairi in 1937, and...
a full Menkyo Kaiden in 1939, directly from Takeda.
Master Takuma Hisa went on to become one of the most prominent teachers of Daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu. In 1959, he opened the Kansai Aikido Club to teach the techniques of Morihei Ueshiba and Sokaku Takeda.
He published a series of 11 training manuals featuring photographs of the Daito-ryu techniques taught at that time. The first 6 volumes covered techniques taught by Morihei Ueshiba, volumes 7 to 9 contained techniques taught by Sokaku Takeda, and volumes 10 and 11 included police and self-defense techniques.
Morihei Ueshiba developed Aikido from his combat studies of Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu with Sokaku Takeda, and his spiritual studies with the Omoto Kyo and Onisaburi Deguchi.
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A major branch of Daito-ryu that is represented by students of Master Hisa, who banded together in 1975 and founded the Takumakai.
They have a wealth of materials in film and still photographs, taken at the Asahi Newspaper dojo, recording the Daito-ryu techniques taught by Morihei Ueshiba and Sokaku Takeda directly. A major training manual, called Soden, features techniques taught by masters.
In the 1980s, led by Shogen Okabayashi, who was sent by the elderly Hisa to train under the headmaster, the Takumakai made a move to implement the forms for teaching the fundamentals of the art as originally established by Tokimune Takeda
This move upset some preservers of Hisa's original teaching method, leading to the formation of a new organization called the Daibukan, founded by a long term student of Hisa, Kenkichi Ohgami.
Later, to implement further changes to the curriculum, Okabayashi chose to separate from the Takumakai and formed the Hakuho-ryu.